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Ethnic Minorities in Poland

Poland is today overwhelmingly populated by people who consider themself Polish. In the most recent census 96.7% of the total population of almost 39 million labelled themselves as Polish. This is in stark contrast to the situation before the Second World War, where more than one third of the population of Poland belonged to a non-Polish ethnic group. This change was due to successful campaigns by Polish governments (both before and after the Second World War) to assimilate ethnic minorities and Polonize the population; the shifting borders of Poland; and migration. Poland, has over the years, assimilated people of various ethnic groups and from very different geographical origins. Historically these ethnic groups have included: Jews, Germans, Ukrainians, Belorussians, Russians, Lithuanians, Slovaks, Armenians, Czechs, Roma (gypsies), Tartars, Lemkos, Kashubs (Kashubians), and Karaites. 

2002 Census

Ethnic Groups:

Polish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7% 

Related Link: Minority Rights Abuse in Poland


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